An ovarian cyst is one of the most common female reproductive-related diseases, especially those who are still menstruating. Cysts are not a serious problem because they can go away on their own or with the ovarian cyst miracle. However, cysts can develop into a serious condition if not treated immediately. So, what are the risks, complications, or dangers of ovarian cysts that can arise?
What are the dangers that can arise from ovarian cysts? Ovarian cysts are small, fluid-filled sacs that form on your ovaries. During a normal menstrual cycle, these cysts usually appear and can go away on their own without you knowing because they do not cause symptoms. However, in some cases, ovarian cysts can grow and enlarge. If you have this, various serious health problems can occur, although not directly threatening the life of the sufferer.
So, what are the health problems that may arise from ovarian cysts? The following is an explanation of the dangers of ovarian cysts that you need to be aware of.
1. Ovarian torsion
An enlarged ovarian cyst can cause the ovary to shift out of position, or to twist (twist) one or more times. It’s known as ovarian torsion. Ovarian torsion is a rare complication. However, when it occurs, symptoms of an ovarian cyst can appear, such as sudden severe pelvic pain and sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
Not only that, ovarian torsion can reduce or even stop blood flow to the ovaries. In this condition, surgery for ovarian cysts is often recommended by doctors to remove the cyst and restore the position of the ovaries so that blood flow to the ovaries returns smoothly.
2. Cyst rupture
Ovarian cysts can be more dangerous if they enlarge and then burst. In some cases, a ruptured ovarian cyst may not cause any symptoms. However, most sufferers feel a sudden and sharp pain in the abdomen or lower back and a bloated stomach.
In addition, a ruptured cyst can also cause internal bleeding to bloody discharge from the vagina that is not menstruation. The bigger the ovarian cyst, the higher the chance of its rupture. Usually, the rupture of an ovarian cyst is also influenced by strenuous activities that affect the pelvis, such as vaginal intercourse.